Major drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries and REDD+

Pandey, Shiva S. and Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan (2013) Major drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries and REDD+. International Journal of Forest Usufructs Management, 14 (1). pp. 99-107. ISSN 0972-3927

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Abstract

Identifying major drivers of deforestation and forest degradation has been an important task at the present context of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation 'REDD+'. At present, many bilateral and multilateral projects are carrying out pilot activities for the REDD+ in developing countries and many Asian countries are being engaged in this process. Asian countries namely Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR are also in the process and have initiated some preparedness activities, where annual loss of forest covers was found different in the period of 1990 to 2010. This loss was due to several
drivers which are not understood well but it is important for designing the REDD+ projects. This paper aims to identify major drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in these countries. This study identified that conversion of forest land into agriculture land, illegal harvesting, infrastructure development, forest fires, encroachment, grazing etc are major causes in the region. These drivers are associated with various underlying factors mainly socioeconomic, and policy governance and the magnitudes of drivers are different in each country. These should be addressed with government intervention to change
dependency on the forest resources, income sources of the people and institutional set up of the forestry sector.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit. Author retains copyright.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business and Law - No Department
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2013 02:01
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2017 05:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: forest degradation; forest cover; Asia; REDD+
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070504 Forestry Management and Environment
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23941

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