Economic viability of biogas and green self-employment opportunities

Chakrabarty, Sayan and Boksh, F. I. M. Muktadir and Chakraborty, Arpita (2013) Economic viability of biogas and green self-employment opportunities. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 28. pp. 757-766. ISSN 1364-0321

Abstract

To analyze economic viability of the biogas plants in Bangladesh six case studies are carried out in some selected upazilas of greater Sylhet district in Bangladesh where NGOs like Grameen Shakti (GS) and Rural Services Foundation (RSF) are delivering and servicing biogas plants. Economic viability of the biogas plants are measured by comparing prior expenditure (before implementing biogas plant) for firewood, kerosene, and other conventional sources. Economic viability refers to an estimator that not only seeks to maximize the effectiveness of financial viability but also considers environmental externalities. Economic viability for six different cases of biogas plants provides information about relative performance of the product in six different situations. A sensitivity analysis is performed using artificial neural network (ANN) model. Although economic viability of biogas is sensitive to kerosene price, firewood availability, this study reveals that biogas is economically more attractive when women could render their saved cooking time for other income generating green jobs. Biogas plant results a number of income generating new green employments for the rural community in Bangladesh.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Australian Digital Futures Institute
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2013 23:10
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2014 06:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: artificial neural network; Bangladesh; biogas; economic viability; environmental externalities; green job
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090405 Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
14 Economics > 1499 Other Economics > 149902 Ecological Economics
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8503 Preparation and Production of Energy Sources > 850309 Production of Biofuels (Biomass)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.002
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23910

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