Controlling the concentrations of airborne pollutants in three different livestock facilities

Banhazi, T. (2013) Controlling the concentrations of airborne pollutants in three different livestock facilities. In: Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 281-295. ISBN 978-90-8686-217-7

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Abstract

The negative effects of high concentration of airborne pollutants on animal health, welfare and productivity are well documented. Reducing the concentration of airborne pollutants in livestock buildings is therefore an important task and could also help to reduce the occupational health and safety risk associated with farm work. The main objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of spraying a mixture of oil and water directly on the floors of livestock building or applying oil treatment to different bedding materials on the concentration of airborne pollutants inside three different livestock facilities. In addition, a number of other airborne pollutant reduction methods were trialled in a horse facility. Air quality parameters were recorded in: (1) a number of partially slatted, mechanically or naturally ventilated pig facilities; (2) a horse stable; and (3) two poultry buildings. Airborne pollutant concentrations were measured and compared between the treatment and control facilities. The concentrations of both inhalable and respirable airborne particles were significantly reduced in the experimental pig facilities. The results also demonstrated a significant reduction (P<0.001) in the concentrations of inhalable and respirable airborne particles in the horse boxes treated with oil-impregnated bedding material as well in the oil treated poultry building. This technique would enable livestock producers to improve the environmental quality in livestock buildings at a relatively low cost.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2013. This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2013 04:09
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 01:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: poultry; pigs; horses; air quality; spraying; reduction; emission; ammonia; dust; airborne particles
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070203 Animal Management
12 Built Environment and Design > 1202 Building > 120202 Building Science and Techniques
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070207 Humane Animal Treatment
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-771-4_14
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23875

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