Urban climatology applied to urban planning: a postwar knowledge circulation failure

Hebbert, Michael and MacKillop, Fionn (2013) Urban climatology applied to urban planning: a postwar knowledge circulation failure. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , 37 (5). pp. 1542-1558. ISSN 0309-1317


The article discusses an instance of knowledge that failed to circulate - the application of urban climatology in town planning. This field of applied science was systematized in German-speaking universities and cities and remains most firmly established in North-Central Europe. In the decades after the second world war successive commissions and study groups of the World Meteorological Organization, the International Federation of Housing and Planning, the Confederation Internationale du Batiment and the International Society for Biometeorology sought to spread awareness of climatological factors among planners and architects worldwide. The article examines the organizations and individuals involved in this campaign, describes their meetings, publications and outreach, and assesses the disappointing impact. The legacy of this failure is considered in the context of present-day interest in planning for carbon mitigation and climate-change adaptation.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 Urban Research Publications Limited. Published online 28 Jun 2013. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2013 23:48
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2014 23:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: knowledge transfer; town planning technique; urban climatology; World Meteorological Organization
Fields of Research (2008): 12 Built Environment and Design > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120508 Urban Design
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
12 Built Environment and Design > 1201 Architecture > 120104 Architectural Science and Technology (incl. Acoustics, Lighting, Structure and Ecologically Sustainable Design)
Fields of Research (2020): 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330411 Urban design
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3702 Climate change science > 370202 Climatology
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3301 Architecture > 330105 Architectural science and technology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12046
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23701

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