Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue over hydrogen-titanate nanofibres produced by a peroxide method

El Saliby, Ibrahim and Erdei, Laszlo and Kim, Jong-Ho and Shon, Ho Kyong (2013) Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue over hydrogen-titanate nanofibres produced by a peroxide method. Water Research, 47 (12). pp. 4115-4125. ISSN 0043-1354

Abstract

In this study, Degussa P25 TiO2 was partially dissolved in a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and sodium hydroxide at high pH. The fabrication of nanofibres proceeded by the hydrothermal treatment of the solution at 80°C. This was followed by acid wash in HCl at pH 2 for 60min, which resulted in the formation of hydrogen-titanate nanofibres. The nanofibres were annealed at 550°C for 6h to produce crystalline anatase nanofibres. The nanofibres were characterised for physico-chemical modifications and tested for the adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue as a model water pollutant. An average specific surface area of 31.54m2/g, average pore volume of 0.10cm3/g and average pore size of 50Å were recorded. The nanofibres were effective adsorbents of the model pollutant and adsorbents and good photocatalysts under simulated solar light illumination. No reduction in photocatalytic activity was observed over three complete treatment cycles, and the effective separation of nanofibres was achieved by gravity settling resulting in low residual solution turbidity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 06:15
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2014 04:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: adsorption; hydrogen peroxide; nanofibres; photocatalysis; titanium dioxide; water purification
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090410 Water Treatment Processes
10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100701 Environmental Nanotechnology
10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100708 Nanomaterials
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961199 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2012.12.045
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23663

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