What roles do contemporaneous and cumulative incomes play in the income-child health gradient for young children? Evidence from an Australian panel

Khanam, Rasheda and Nghiem, Hong Son and Connelly, Luke Brian (2014) What roles do contemporaneous and cumulative incomes play in the income-child health gradient for young children? Evidence from an Australian panel. Health Economics (United Kingdom), 23 (8). pp. 879-893. ISSN 1057-9230

Abstract

The literature to date shows that children from poorer households tend to have worse health than their peers, and the gap between them grows with age. We investigate whether and how health shocks (as measured by the onset of chronic conditions) contribute to the income–child health gradient and whether the contemporaneous or cumulative effects of income play important mitigating roles. We exploit a rich panel dataset with three panel waves called the Longitudinal Study of Australian children. Given the availability of three waves of data, we are able to apply a range of econometric techniques (e.g. fixed and random effects) to control for unobserved heterogeneity. The paper makes several contributions to the extant literature. First, it shows that an apparent income gradient becomes relatively attenuated in our dataset when the cumulative and contemporaneous effects of household income are distinguished econometrically. Second, it demonstrates that the income–child health gradient becomes statistically insignificant when controlling for parental health and health-related behaviours or unobserved heterogeneity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 John Wiley & Sons. Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2013 06:23
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2015 04:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: child health; income gradient; chronic conditions; panel data; Australia
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
16 Studies in Human Society > 1603 Demography > 160301 Family and Household Studies
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111704 Community Child Health
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/hec.2961
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23656

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