Does diagnostic complexity predict response to online interventions for youth anxiety?

March, Sonja and Spence, Susan and Donovan, Caroline and Kenardy, Justin (2013) Does diagnostic complexity predict response to online interventions for youth anxiety? In: 6th International Society for Research on Internet Interventions Conference (ISRII 2013): Behavioral Intervention Technologies for a Healthy Future: From Design to Dissemination, 16-18 May 2013, Chicago, IL. United States.

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Purpose: There is now substantial evidence to demonstrate the efficacy of online, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for the treatment of youth anxiety disorders. However, approximately 30% of youth will retain an anxiety diagnosis at 12-months following treatment. There has been some suggestion that internet-based interventions may not be suitable for more complex diagnostic presentations, however, there has been no empirical examination of predictors of outcome for youth receiving online CBT. The aim of this paper was to determine whether diagnostic profile predicted response to online CBT for youth anxiety.
Methods: Participants were 154 youth (aged 7 to 18 years) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder who participated in an online cognitive-behavior intervention (BRAVE-ONLINE) as part of two randomized controlled trials. Measures included diagnostic interviews as well as a number of self-report measures of anxiety. Youth receiving online CBT were assessed prior to treatment, at 12 weeks following baseline assessment, and at 12-month follow-up. Diagnostic profile at baseline is described by type of principal anxiety diagnosis, severity of anxiety and presence of comorbid anxiety and non-anxiety. Treatment outcome was conceptualized as treatment 'response' (loss of primary diagnosis) and as 'remission' (loss of all anxiety diagnoses/ symptoms).
Results and Conclusions: Results indicate that the majority of youth respond well to online CBT at 12-month follow-up. Comorbidity with other anxiety disorders was the most robust predictor of poorer response and remission, however only for those youth with 3 or more comorbid anxiety disorders. While youth with comorbid anxiety do respond to internet interventions, it seems that the presence of multiple anxiety disorders may limit its impact. The findings of this study have the potential to identify the types of patients for whom online CBT may be most appropriate and the circumstances under which it should not be offered as first line of treatment.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Lecture)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2013 00:19
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2017 23:33
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health

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