Quantification of environmental conditions in Australian livestock buildings

Banhazi, Thomas M. (2012) Quantification of environmental conditions in Australian livestock buildings. In: 9th International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES 2012): Agriculture and Engineering for a Healthier Life, 8-12 Jul 2012, Valencia, Spain.

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Abstract

Concentrations and emissions of airborne endotoxins and microorganisms within and from 160 piggery buildings were surveyed in four states of Australia. Respirable dust samples collected on filter papers in the buildings were used to determine endotoxin concentrations. The total airborne microorganisms were measured using six-stage Andersen sampler. A refereed methodology was used to predict the emission rates from all buildings studied. An overall mean microorganism emission rate of 1.6 × 107 cfu/h/pig and a mean internal building concentration of 1.17 × 105 cfu/m3 were measured in the piggery buildings. An overall mean emission rate of 3.31 × 103 EU/h/pig and a mean internal concentration of 33.1 Endotoxin Units (EU)Zm3 were measured for respirable endotoxins. The lowest endotoxin concentrations were measured in dry sow buildings (23.3 EU/m3), while measurements taken in straw based shelters had the highest concentrations (84.98 EU/m3). Straw based shelters also had the highest mean bacteria concentration (3.27 × 105 cfu/m 3) and emission rate (44.1 × 107 cfu/h/500 kg live weight).


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author retains copyright
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 05:33
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 00:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: air quality; bacteria; emission; endotoxin; microorganisms; risk factors
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070202 Animal Growth and Development
09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070207 Humane Animal Treatment
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839901 Animal Welfare
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23604

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