Propagation modelling and measurements in a populated indoor environment at 5.2 GHz

Ziri-Castro, K. I. and Evans, N. E. and Scanlon, W. G. (2006) Propagation modelling and measurements in a populated indoor environment at 5.2 GHz. In: Proceedings of the 1st IEEE International Conference on Wireless Broadband and Ultra Wideband Communications, 13-16 March 2006, Sydney, Australia.


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There are a number of significant radiowave propagation phenomena present in the populated indoor environment, including multipath fading and human body effects. The latter can be divided into shadowing and scattering caused by pedestrian movement, and antenna-body interaction with bodyworn or hand portable terminals [1]. Human occupants within indoor environments are not always stationary and their movement will lead to temporal channel variations that can strongly affect the quality of indoor wireless communication systems. Hence, populated environments remain a major challenge for wireless local area networks (WLAN) and other indoor communication systems. Therefore, it is important to develop an understanding of the potential and limitations of indoor radiowave propagation at key frequencies of interest, such as the 5.2 GHz band employed by commercial wireless LAN standards such as IEEE 802.11a and HiperLAN 2.

Although several indoor wireless models have been proposed in the literature, these temporal variations have not yet been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we have made an important contribution to the area by conducting a systematic study of the problem, including a propagation measurement campaign and statistical channel characterization of human body effects on line-of-sight indoor propagation at 5.2 GHz.

Measurements were performed in the everyday environment of a 7.2 m wide University hallway to determine the statistical characteristics of the 5.2 GHz channel for a fixed, transverse line-of-sight (LOS) link perturbed by pedestrian movement. Data were acquired at hours of relatively high pedestrian activity, between 12.00 and 14.00. The location was chosen as a typical indoor wireless system environment that had sufficient channel variability to permit a valid statistical analysis.

The paper compares the first and second order statistics of the empirical signals with the Gaussian-derived distributions commonly used in wireless communications. The analysis shows that, as the number of pedestrians within the measurement location increases, the Ricean K-factor that best fits the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) of the empirical data tends to decrease proportionally, ranging from K=7 with 1 pedestrian to K=0 with 4 pedestrians. These results are consistent with previous results obtained for controlled measurement scenarios using a fixed link at 5.2 GHz in [2], where the K factor reduced as the number of pedestrians within a controlled measurement area increased. Level crossing rate results were Rice distributed, considering a maximum Doppler frequency of 8.67 Hz. While average fade duration results were significantly higher than theoretically computed Rice and Rayleigh, due to the fades caused by pedestrians.

A novel statistical model that accurately describes the 5.2 GHz channel in the considered indoor environment is proposed. For the first time, the received envelope CDF is explicitly described in terms of a quantitative measurement of pedestrian traffic within the indoor environment. The model provides an insight into the prediction of human body shadowing effects for indoor channels at 5.2 GHz.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
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Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:03
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:43
Fields of Research (2008): 10 Technology > 1005 Communications Technologies > 100502 Broadband and Modem Technology
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4006 Communications engineering > 400699 Communications engineering not elsewhere classified

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