Household carbon dioxide emissions from peasants and herdsmen in northwestern arid-alpine regions, China

Qu, Jiansheng and Zeng, Jingjing and Li, Yan and Wang, Qin and Maraseni, Tek and Zhang, Lihua and Zhang, Zhiqiang and Clarke-Sather, Abigail (2013) Household carbon dioxide emissions from peasants and herdsmen in northwestern arid-alpine regions, China. Energy Policy, 57. pp. 133-140. ISSN 0301-4215

Abstract

This study assessed household CO2 emissions (related to the consumption of necessary and luxury goods and services) of peasants and herdsmen households in arid-alpine regions in Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia provinces, China. We also explored whether agriculture types, family income and family size have played any role in household CO2 emissions. In order to address these issues, we: (i) developed assessment indicators for household emissions; (ii) conducted semi-structured questionnaire household surveys; and (iii) employed input-output analysis (IOA). The results showed that, the average household CO2 emission per capita is 1.43 tons (t) CO2; the proportion of subsistence emissions (related to the consumption of necessary goods and services) accounts for 93.24%, whereas luxury emissions (generated due to consumption of specific goods and services that are consumed only when household income improves) only account for 6.76%t. Moreover, household CO2 emissions increase with family income and family size, but per capita emissions are inversely related to family size. The highest average household emissions were found in the alpine agricultural and pastoral region (6.18t CO2), followed by the irrigated agricultural region (6.07t CO2) and the rain-fed agricultural region (5.34t CO2). In consideration of insignificant amount of household emissions from these poor and vulnerable groups of the society, this study suggests to follow the principle of fairness while making energy conservation, emission reduction and adaptation policies.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made not accessible
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 12 May 2013 23:27
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 05:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: arid-alpine regions; China; CO2 emissions
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0399 Other Chemical Sciences > 039901 Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
10 Technology > 1002 Environmental Biotechnology > 100204 Environmental Biotechnology Diagnostics (incl. Biosensors)
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9601 Air Quality > 960199 Air Quality not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.12.065
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23469

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