Ultraviolet reflection irradiances and exposures in the constructed environment for horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces

Turner, Joanna and Parisi, Alfio V. (2013) Ultraviolet reflection irradiances and exposures in the constructed environment for horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 89 (3). pp. 730-736. ISSN 0031-8655


Ultraviolet (UV) reflection in the urban constructed environment is not well understood for topical issues such as measuring and modeling the received UV exposure due to that UV reflection for outdoor workers. Both predominantly specular and diffuse reflecting surface types have been identified and investigated for the erythemal UV reflection ratio variation due to solar zenith angle and orientation. This paper presents relationships between erythemal UV reflection ratios measured for non-horizontal and horizontal surfaces, with predominantly specular surface types indicating stronger relationships with solar zenith angles than diffuse reflecting surfaces types. Erythemal UV exposures caused by the same reflecting surface types at three inclinations are also investigated. Non-horizontal surfaces can increase erythemal UV exposures compared to erythemal UV exposures received from the same horizontal surface by factors of 1.07 to 1.46 for specific body sites and by 1.01 to 1.70 for averages of group body sites for zinc aluminium coated steel sheeting.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 14 May 2013 22:50
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 04:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: ultraviolet radiation; ultraviolet reflection
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
12 Built Environment and Design > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120508 Urban Design
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/php.12025
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23399

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