Individuals and groups outside of the state system

Hayes, Anna (2013) Individuals and groups outside of the state system. In: Human security in world affairs: problems and opportunities. Caesarpress, Vienna, Austria, pp. 113-138. ISBN 978-3-902890-00-9


In this chapter the security status of individuals and groups outside of the state system is examined. The chapter begins with an examination of statelessness and its drivers. It then examines the extent and causes of the global refugee crisis, illustrated by case examples from the global north and the global south. Within this discussion, the chapter also explores the relatively new phenomenon of environmental refugees, and how climate change could cause an increase in forced migration as vulnerable populations are forced to leave their home locales due to climatic changes. In doing so it discusses the precarious situation of environmental refugees, who are still not recognised under the UNHCR definition of a refugee. The chapter then considers vastly different individuals and groups outside of the state system to those mentioned above, namely alienated citizens and terrorists. Avenues leading to the alienation of the citizen from the state are described, including roads towards terrorism and the possible effects of anti-terrorism legislation and strategies on the status of individuals. Case examples from current issues are discussed throughout the chapter.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. © 2013 CAESARPRESS. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Arts - School of Humanities and Communication
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2014 05:24
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 04:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: refugees; asylum seekers; human security; terrorism; alienated citizens; Timothy McVeigh; Anders Breivik; Wafa Idris
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1603 Demography > 160303 Migration
18 Law and Legal Studies > 1801 Law > 180114 Human Rights Law
16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160607 International Relations
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9402 Government and Politics > 940299 Government and Politics not elsewhere classified
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9403 International Relations > 940399 International Relations not elsewhere classified

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