Traditional Indian medicines for metabolic syndrome

Diwan, Vishal and Poudyal, Hemant and Brown, Lindsay (2012) Traditional Indian medicines for metabolic syndrome. In: Natural products and their active compounds on disease prevention. Food Science and Technology. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY. United States , pp. 1-21. ISBN 978-1-62100-153-9

Abstract

Plant products play a significant role in human diet as they maintain human health and improve the quality of life. The health-promoting effects of plant products form part of the rich history of ancient civilisations. The non-nutritive but potentially bioactive secondary metabolites in fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices, teas and wines reduce oxidative stress, inflammation, risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, age-related cognitive decline, risk of major neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and cancer. This reduced risk is associated with the most commonly consumed
dietary phytochemicals. Metabolic syndrome has been classically defined as the clustering of interrelated risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type2 diabetes including hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, hypertriglyceridaemia, decreased HDL-cholesterol concentration and obesity. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is reaching pandemic proportions worldwide with diets rich in saturated fat, cholesterol and refined carbohydrates implicated in the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. From a dietary perspective, a plant-based diet could
therefore serve as an alternative intervention for the prevention or treatment of metabolic syndrome. We have previously reviewed the possible therapeutic responses of commonly consumed Indian spices in metabolic syndrome. This review evaluates the effects of further frequently-used medicinal and dietary plants from the Indian sub-continent on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome using data from controlled human, animal and in vitro studies. The major bioactive constituents of these plants, mostly identified as herbs, are also discussed.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2013 05:00
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2017 01:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indian traditional medicine; metabolic syndrome; hypertension; obesity; diabetes; inflammation; antioxidants
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1104 Complementary and Alternative Medicine > 110499 Complementary and Alternative Medicine not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110107 Metabolic Medicine
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111501 Basic Pharmacology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23270

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