Gender differences in tertiary entrance scores

Peck, Bob and Trimmer, Karen (1995) Gender differences in tertiary entrance scores. In: Association for Research in Education Conference (AARE 1994) , Newcastle, Australia.

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The imbalance between the numbers of male and female students at high levels of achievement continues to attract comment, not only from the public but also from some of those engaged in studies of gender difference. In all Australian States university admission is based primarily on a single aggregate mark (known as Tertiary Entrance Score, Tertiary Entrance Rank, Overall Position, etc.) which is intended to capture students' achievement in a wide range of secondary courses, and which is also intended to be a good predictive measure of aptitude for tertiary study. In some States, students who achieve very high tertiary entrance scores (TES) have not only been able to enter high-demand university courses but are also rewarded with well- publicised awards and exhibitions.
This paper discusses some well-known sources of gender difference and goes on to discuss some features in the formulation of a TES which amplify these differences, namely: (1) males are more variable than females between courses, and thus benefit more from the use of a restricted number of course marks in the TES; (2) males benefit more than females from a lack of requirements for breadth of study.
A number of changes to the formulation of tertiary entrance scores, which will achieve a more equitable outcome, are recommended.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Education (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Education (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2013 00:26
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2016 02:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender issues; tertiary entrance scores
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170105 Gender Psychology
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130303 Education Assessment and Evaluation
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520502 Gender psychology
39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390402 Education assessment and evaluation
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930501 Education and Training Systems Policies and Development

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