Using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) across cultures

Oei, Tian P. S. and Sawang, Sukanlaya and Goh, Yong Wah and Mukhtar, Firdaus (2013) Using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) across cultures. International Journal of Psychology, 48 (6). pp. 1018-1029. ISSN 0020-7594

Abstract

The DASS-21 is a well-established instrument for measuring depression, anxiety, and stress with good reliability and validity reported from Hispanic American, British, and Australian adults. However, the lack of appropriate validation among Asian populations continues to pose concerns over the use of DASS-21 in Asian samples. Cultural variation may influence the individual's experience and emotional expression. Thus, when researchers and practitioners employ Western-based assessments with Asian populations by directly translating them without an appropriate validation, the process can be challenging. We conducted a series of rigorous statistical tests and minimized any potential confounds from the demographic information. Following factor analyses, we performed multigroup analysis across six nations to demonstrate consistency of our findings. The advantages of this revised DASS-18 stress scale are twofold. First, it possesses fewer items, which results in a cleaner factorial structure. Second, it has a smaller interfactor correlation. With these justifications, the revised DASS-18 stress scale is potentially more suitable for Asian populations. Nonetheless, given limitations, findings should be considered preliminary.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 International Union of Psychological Science. Permanent restricted access to publishedt version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology, Counselling and Community
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 07:14
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2014 02:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety; Asian; depression; psychological strain; stress psychometrics
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200204 Cultural Theory
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods
C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services
C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/00207594.2012.755535
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23124

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