Supporting elephant conservation in Sri Lanka through MODIS imagery

Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro (2012) Supporting elephant conservation in Sri Lanka through MODIS imagery. In: Asia-Pacific Remote Sensing Conference (SPIE 2012) , 29 Oct-1 Nov 2012, Kyoto, Japan.

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The latest national elephant survey of Sri Lanka (2011) revealed Sri Lanka has 5,879 elephants. The total forest cover for these elephants is about 19,500 sq km (2012 estimation) and estimated forest area is about 30% of the country when smaller green patches are also counted. However, studies have pointed out that a herd of elephants need about a 100 sq km of forest patch to survive. With a high human population density (332 people per sq km, 2010), the pressure for land to feed people and elephants is becoming critical. Resent reports have indicated about 250 elephants are killed annually by farmers and dozens of people are also killed by elephants. Under this context, researchers are investigating various methods to assess the elephant movements to address the issues of Human-Elephant-Conflict (HEC). Apart from various local remedies for the issue, the conservation of elephant population can be supported by satellite imagery based studies. MODIS sensor imagery can be considered as a successful candidate here. Its spatial resolution is low (250m x 250m) but automatically filters out small forest patches in the mapping process. The daily imagery helps to monitor temporal forest cover changes. This study investigated the background information of HEC and used MODIS 250m imagery to suggest applicability of satellite data for Elephant conservations efforts. The elephant movement information was gathered from local authorities and potentials to identify bio-corridors were discussed. Under future research steps, regular forest cover monitoring through MODIS data was emphasized as a valuable tool in elephant conservations efforts.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: For my request to peer-review of the paper, the conference organizer sent me the following reply on 13th Jul, 2012. -> Proceedings of SPIE are not usually peer-reviewed. However Conference Chair/Editors are expected to assess manuscripts for technical merit, suitability of content, and clarity. The process for assessing manuscripts for publication in SPIE proceedings is managed differently by chairs/editors of different conferences. Conference Chair/Editors may require one or more manuscript revisions before approving publication, and reserve the right to reject for publication any paper that does not meet content or quality expectations or manuscript requirements. SPIE's decision on whether to publish a manuscript is final. Kind regards, Andrea Heimer
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2013 06:37
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 03:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: MODIS; human-elephant conflict; Sri Lanka; animal conservation
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
04 Earth Sciences > 0499 Other Earth Sciences > 049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050211 Wildlife and Habitat Management
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4013 Geomatic engineering > 401304 Photogrammetry and remote sensing
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3799 Other earth sciences > 379999 Other earth sciences not elsewhere classified
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410407 Wildlife and habitat management
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified
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