Red mud as a carbon sink: variability, affecting factors and environmental significance

Si, Chunhua and Ma, Yingqun and Lin, Chuxia (2013) Red mud as a carbon sink: variability, affecting factors and environmental significance. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 244–245. pp. 54-59. ISSN 0304-3894

Abstract

The capacity of red mud to sequester CO2 varied markedly due to differences in bauxite type, processing and disposal methods. Calcium carbonates were the dominant mineral phases responsible for the carbon sequestration in the investigated red mud types. The carbon sequestration capacity of red mud was not fully exploited due to shortages of soluble divalent cations for formation of stable carbonate minerals.
Titanate and silicate ions were the two major oxyanions that appeared to strongly compete with carbonate ions for the available soluble Ca. Supply of additional soluble Ca and Mg could be a viable pathway for maximizing carbon sequestration in red mud and simultaneously reducing the causticity of red mud. It is roughly estimated that over 100 million tonnes of CO2 have been unintentionally sequestered in red mud around the world to date through the natural weathering of historically produced red mud. Based on the current production rate of red mud, it is likely that some 6 million tonnes of CO2 will be sequestered annually through atmospheric carbonation. If appropriate technologies are in place for incorporating binding cations into red mud, approximately 6 million tonnes of additional CO2 can be captured and stored in the red mud while the hazardousness of red mud is simultaneously reduced.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: First available online 20 November 2012. Final publication January 2013. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2013 08:38
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 04:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: red mud; carbon sequestration; alkalinity; carbonation; bauxite; calcite
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.024
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/23015

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