Optimization of the heat exchanger in a flat plate indirect heating integrated collector storage solar water heating system

AL-Khaffajy, Marwaan and Mossad, Ruth (2013) Optimization of the heat exchanger in a flat plate indirect heating integrated collector storage solar water heating system. Renewable Energy, 57. pp. 413-421. ISSN 0960-1481

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Abstract

Due to the environmental impact of energy usage, consumers need to be encouraged to use renewable energy sources such as solar energy. The indirect heating flat plate integrated collector storage solar water heating system is one of the compact systems for domestic water heating. It incorporates the collection of a solar energy component and a hot water storage component in one unit. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of different parameters on the thermal performance of this system with the aim of reducing both the initial and the running costs. The outlet service water temperature was used as a measure of performance, because it is an indicator of the energy acquired from the solar radiation. The continuity, momentum and energy equations of the fluids involved in the system were numerically solved in a steady state condition, using FLUENT software. Three-D CFD models were developed and validated using previous experimental results. A standard k-ω turbulent model was used in the optimization of the heat exchanger because it produced good agreement with the experimental results. The surface-to-surface radiation model was included. The effect of single and double row heat exchangers with different lengths was investigated. Circular and elliptic cross-section pipes were also examined. Mass flow rates of 500 and 650 L/h were chosen. The effect of the angel of collector was also examined. The results showed that the single row HX of 10.8 m length for both the elliptical and type B tube gave high service water outlet temperature (acceptable for heat exchanger design) and with low pumping power. This resulted in an increase in the thermal efficiency and a significant reduction in both the initial and the operating costs of the system.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2013 03:30
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 01:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: solar water heaters; renewable energy; computational fluid dynamics
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091305 Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091502 Computational Heat Transfer
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850506 Solar-Thermal Energy
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2012.11.033
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/22970

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