Understanding the differential benefits of training for the unemployed

Machin, M. Anthony and Creed, Peter A. (2003) Understanding the differential benefits of training for the unemployed. Australian Journal of Psychology, 55 (2). pp. 104-113. ISSN 0004-9530


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[Abstract]: This study examined the connection between background variables (such as length of unemployment and number of previous training courses), contextual variables (perceptions of training climate), dispositional variables (positive affect and negative affect), and psychological outcomes for unemployed trainees who attended either a five week occupational skills training program (control group) or the same five week program with an additional two day intervention before the start of the program (treatment group). The trainees in both the treatment and control conditions were found to reduce their levels of psychological distress over the course of a five-week training program. Trainees in the treatment condition who started with the lowest levels of general self-efficacy and the highest levels of psychological distress showed the greatest improvements at time 2 (T2). The measures of length of unemployment, number of previous training courses, and the perceptions of the training climate (with one exception) did not account for any unique variance in either of the well-being measures at time 3 (T3). Positive and negative affect (PA and NA respectively) accounted for 30% of the variance in initial levels of general self-efficacy and 43% of the variance in initial levels of psychological distress. However, PA and NA measured at T1 did not account for any unique variance in the T3 levels of general self-efficacy and psychological distress, after the initial levels of each of the variables were controlled. It was concluded that components of dispositional affect are the main influence on how individuals perceive stimuli in the environment and subsequently regulate their emotional response.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. 'This is an electronic version of an article published in Australian Journal of Psychology, 55 (2), 104-113. Australian Journal of Psychology is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a713740434~fulltext=713240930 http://www.psychology.org.au/publications/journals/12.4_1.asp'
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:01
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 00:28
Uncontrolled Keywords: unemployment; well-being; self-efficacy; training climate; positive affect; negative affect; positive effect; negative effect
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/00049530412331312964
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/2285

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