Terrain and canopy surface modelling from LiDAR data for tree species classification

Zhang, Zhenyu and Liu, Xiaoye and Peterson, Jim and Wright, Wendy (2012) Terrain and canopy surface modelling from LiDAR data for tree species classification. In: Symposium GIS Ostrava 2012: Surface Models for Geosciences, 23-25 Jan 2012, Ostrava, Czech Republic.


It has been recognised that airborne LiDAR (light detection and ranging) offers advantages over the interpretation of aerial photographs and processing of multi-spectral and/or hyperspectral remote sensing data in forest classification. LiDAR with capability of canopy penetration yields such high density sampling that detailed terrain and canopy surface models can be derived. Recent success in forest classification using LiDAR derived products including terrain and canopy surface models has been reported in many studies. However, there is still considerable scope for further improvement in classification accuracy by taking
maximum advantage of the information extracted from LiDAR data and by employing more efficient classifiers such as support vector machines (SVMs). This study aims to use LiDAR
data to generate digital terrain and canopy surface models to identify the location and crown size of individual trees for the species classification of Australian cool temperate rainforest dominated by the Myrtle Beech (Nothofagus cunninghamii) and neighbouring Silver Wattle (Acacia dealbata). The tree species classification was achieved by employing LiDAR-derived structure and intensity variables via linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and SVMs. The results showed that the inclusion of LiDAR-derived intensity variables improved the accuracy of the classification of the Myrtle Beech and the Silver Wattle species in the study area. It demonstrated that the SVMs have significant advantages over the traditional classification methods such as the LDA methods in terms of classification accuracy.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © VSB - Technical University of Ostrava.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2013 02:43
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2014 04:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: LiDAR, LiDAR intensity, canopy surface model, support vector machines, forest classification
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/22655

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