Comparison of the effect of arousing and relaxing music during imagery training for power and fine motor skill sport tasks

Kuan, G. and Morris, T. and Terry, P. (2012) Comparison of the effect of arousing and relaxing music during imagery training for power and fine motor skill sport tasks. In: 2nd International Congress of Science, Education and Medicine in Sport (ICSEMIS 2012): Sport: Inspiring a Learning Legacy, 19-24 Jul 2012, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

[img] Text (Documentation)
ICSEMIS2012.pdf

Download (918Kb)
[img]
Preview
Text (Abstract)
Kuan_Morris_Terry_ICSEMIS2012.pdf

Download (72Kb)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Imagery is a psychological training used by professional athletes and music is believed could influence the efficacy of imagery.
AIM: This study examined the effects of arousing and relaxing music during an imagery intervention on performance of power and fine-motor skill tasks.
METHOD: Twenty competitive elite shooters and weightlifters were assigned at random to one of two interventions: Unfamiliar relaxing or arousing music with imagery. This produced four conditions: Fine motor task (pistol shooting) imagery with either relaxing (matched) or arousing (mismatched) music and power task (weightlifting) imagery with either relaxing (mismatched) or arousing (matched) music. A pretest-intervention posttest design was used with two simulation competitions: 10m air-pistol shooting performance, and a standard weightlifting event - Clean and Jerk. Participants completed 12 sessions of imagery over four weeks before the posttest was conducted.
RESULTS: MANOVA analysis for pistol shooting showed that the differences across type of music used with imagery
were significant on the gain-score for competition performance F(1,16)=8.85, p<.05, ç2=.36, with a significantly larger increase in performance for relaxing music than arousing music. In addition, the self-confidence gain score was significant F(1,16)=12.57, p<.05, ç2=.44. As for the weightlifters, MANOVA analysis results showed that the differences across types of music used with imagery were significant in terms of gain-scores for competition
performance F(1,16)=12.27, p<.05, ç2=.43, with significantly larger increases in performance with relaxing music than arousing music. The self-confidence gain score was also significant F(1,16)=10.09, p<.05, ç2=.39.
DISCUSSION: Contrary to findings when music is played before or during the actual tasks, in this study relaxing
music facilitated imagery of both fine-motor and power tasks, suggesting that relaxation plays a role in imagery of
sports skills.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 22581
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 23:20
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2017 00:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: performance; music styles; self-confidence; imagery; results
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
19 Studies in Creative Arts and Writing > 1904 Performing Arts and Creative Writing > 190408 Music Therapy
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/22581

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only