Microbial characteristics of a Zn and Cd contaminated soil chemically amended for growth of a heavy metal-hyperaccumulating plant

Peng, Gui-xiang and Cai, Jing and Lin, Chu-xia (2005) Microbial characteristics of a Zn and Cd contaminated soil chemically amended for growth of a heavy metal-hyperaccumulating plant. Ecology and Environment, 14 (5). pp. 654-657.

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A pot experiment was conducted to examine the effects of chemical amendment on the microbial characteristics of a
heavy metal-contaminated soil used for the growth of a hyperaccumulating plant, Sedum alfredii Hance. The results show that the abundance of the soil microbes bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi) is significantly (at p=0.01) related to the removal rate of Zn and Cd from the soil, the dry biomass of Sedum alfredii Hance, Cmic, and Cmic/Nmic except that the number of fungi is only significantly
(at p=0.05) related to Cmic/Nmic. All the soil treatments enhanced the activities of soil microbes. In general, the increase in activity of different types of microbes was in the following decreasing order: bacteria>actinomycetes>fungi. Of all the treatments, Treatment 7 (mixing 1 000 g of the contaminated soil with 6 g of red mud, 15 g of zeolitic rock powder and 15 g of biosolids) formed a best soil medium for the growth of the soil microbes. The microbial biomass C concentration in Treatment 7 was as high as 345.64 mg·kg-1, which was statistically different from other treatments and represented the highest value among all the treatments in this experiment. This work has implications for the future development of a combined chemical and biological remediation technique for the cleanup of Zn and Cd contaminated soils.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. Text in Chinese.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2012 05:45
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2012 08:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil microbes; heavy-metal contamination; phytoremediation; soil amendment; Sedum alfredii Hance
Fields of Research (2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4199 Other environmental sciences > 419999 Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960908 Mining Land and Water Management
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/22102

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