Image-based visual servoing for the super-orbital re-entry of Hayabusa spacecraft

Khan, Razmi and Eichmann, Troy and Buttsworth, David and Upcroft, Ben (2011) Image-based visual servoing for the super-orbital re-entry of Hayabusa spacecraft. In: 2011 Australasian Conference on Robotics and Automation (ACRA 2011) , 7-9 Dec 2011, Melbourne, Australia.

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This paper presents an image-based visual servoing system that was used to track the atmospheric Earth re-entry of Hayabusa. The primary aim of this ground based tracking platform was to record the emission spectrum radiating from the superheated gas of the shock layer and the surface of the heat shield during reentry. To the author's knowledge, this is the first time that a visual servoing system has successfully tracked a super-orbital re-entry of a spacecraft and recorded its spectral signature. Furthermore, we improve the system by including a simplified dynamic model for feed-forward control and demonstrate improved tracking performance on the International Space Station (ISS). We present comparisons between simulation and experimental results on different target trajectories including tracking results from Hayabusa and ISS. The required performance for tracking both spacecraft is demanding when combined with a narrow field of view (FOV). We also briefly discuss the preliminary results obtained from the spectroscopy of the Hayabusa's heat shield during re-entry.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2012 05:36
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2017 23:14
Uncontrolled Keywords: emission spectrums; field of views; ground-based tracking; heat shields; image-based; international space stations; shock layer; spectral signature; superheated gas; target trajectory; tracking performance
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090106 Flight Dynamics
09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090602 Control Systems, Robotics and Automation
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091502 Computational Heat Transfer
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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