Design of smart structures for wind turbine blades

Supeni, E. E. and Epaarachchi, J. A. and Islam, M. M. and Lau, K. T. (2012) Design of smart structures for wind turbine blades. In: 2nd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2012), 7-9 July 2012, Gold Coast, Australia.

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The wind turbine blade is a very important part of the rotor. Extraction of energy from wind depends on the design of the blade. The advancement of fibre composite materials
have provided the best solutions to overcome inefficiencies caused by traditional materials used in wind turbine construction. At present, the majority of wind turbine
blades are constructed with glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP). The use of composite materials eventually have solved some of the problems associated with efficient
operation of horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) such as gravitational forces due to weight but there are other unresolved problems such as long term material property
degradation, local shape deformation of the profile of the wind turbine blades etc. This project aims to address the adverse structural response of the blade profile with the
variation of operational parameters such as wind velocity and material properties on blade's performances. For this reason, the shape memory alloy (SMA), which is Nitinol
(NiTi) has been embedded in the blade to alleviate the load. A parametric blade model utilising the Abaqus finite element program has been developed to efficiently predict the deflection of the blade. Result obtained from Abaqus is compared with the current experimental work. It was found that the numerical model developed in FEA agreed relatively well with the experimental work, thus validating underlying assumptions.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Authors retain copyright.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2012 05:32
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2014 01:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: GFRP; SMA; FEA; NiTi
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091305 Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
01 Mathematical Sciences > 0102 Applied Mathematics > 010207 Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401703 Energy generation, conversion and storage (excl. chemical and electrical)
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4901 Applied mathematics > 490109 Theoretical and applied mechanics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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