Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study

Ku, H. and Yap, Y. S. and Lee, T. S. and Trada, M. (2012) Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 126 (s2). E142-E150. ISSN 0021-8995

Abstract

Phenol-formaldehyde was filled with nanoclay to increase the tensile properties of the composite for structural applications by the Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fiber Composites, University of Southern Queensland, Australia. In this project, we manufactured samples with different percentages by weight of the nanoclay in the composites in steps of 1%; these were then postcured in an oven or microwaves. The samples were then subjected to tensile tests. The results show that the composite with 5 wt% nanoclay produced the highest yield, tensile strength, and Young's modulus, combined with a reasonable fluidity for casting. From 0 to 3 wt% nanoclay, the yield strengths of the samples postcured in an oven were higher than their counterparts postcured in microwaves. After this, the opposite was true. By extrapolation to 5 wt% nanoclay, it was also found that the tensile strength and Young's modulus of the samples postcured in an oven were lower than their counterparts postcured in microwave irradiation.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. First published online: 15 Mar 2012. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2013 01:46
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2014 22:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: composites; electron microscopy; mechanical properties; resins; strength
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100708 Nanomaterials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/app.35232
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/21592

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