Age differences in short term memory and the process of redintegration

Scicluna, A. and Tolan, G. A. and Tehan, G. (2011) Age differences in short term memory and the process of redintegration. In: 38th Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference (EPC 2011), 28-30 Apr 2011, Auckland, New Zealand.


This study explored age related differences in short term memory, specifically the process of redintegration. Redintegration was uniquely defined by examining the word length effect and associative word pairs. Twenty younger adults and twenty older adults were instructed to remember short lists of words in eight different recall conditions which varied in level of difficulty. Task difficulty was defined using the following variables: irrelevant speech, presentation rate (1 vs. 2 seconds), and recall condition
(immediate vs. delayed). Findings revealed recall was higher for younger adults compared with older adults in all recall conditions. Furthermore, as the difficulty of the memory task increased, strong redintegrative effects were observed for word length and associative word pairs for both the younger and older adults. Meaning, short words were better remembered than long words and associative word pairs were better remembered than unrelated word pairs.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 02:11
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2017 02:16
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory; recall; testing; young adults; older adults; words
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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