Monitoring of the rice cropping system in the Mekong Delta using ENVISAT/ASAR dual polarization data

Bouvet, Alexandre and Le Toan, Thuy and Lam-Dao, Nguyen (2009) Monitoring of the rice cropping system in the Mekong Delta using ENVISAT/ASAR dual polarization data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing , 47 (2). pp. 517-526. ISSN 0196-2892


The rice cropping system in Asia is undergoing major changes to cope with increasing demography and changing climate, making rice monitoring a critical issue. Past studies have demonstrated the use of C-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data to map rice areas. The methods were based on the temporal change of intensity backscattering coefficient of vertically or horizontally co-polarized data (VV or HH). In this paper, we assess the use of the HH/VV polarization ratio derived from Advanced SAR (ASAR) data from ENVIS AT data for the production of rice paddy maps. The approach is based on past knowledge on the polarization behavior of rice canopy, i.e., VV backscattering is much lower than HH during a large part of the rice season, due to the attenuation of the wave by the vertical structure of the plants. The methodology is developed for the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, where a complex cropping pattern is found (one to three crops of rice per year). The approach includes a statistical analysis of the HH/VV distributions of rice and non-rice classes at different dates. The analysis results confirm that HH/VV can be used as classifier and point out the need for relevant speckle filtering prior to classification. A classification method is developed and applied to single- and multidate data sets. The methods are tested at one district of the province of An Giang and extended to the whole province. Comparisons of the mapping results to geographic-information-system land-use data and official agricultural statistics show very good agreement. The method will be further applied to the entire Mekong Delta.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published Version due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Surveying and Land Information
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 03:41
Last Modified: 05 May 2017 06:00
Uncontrolled Keywords: Advanced) Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR); Mekong Delta; polarization ratio; rice mapping; image classification; imaging systems; land use; photoacoustic effect
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070104 Agricultural Spatial Analysis and Modelling
09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090903 Geospatial Information Systems
09 Engineering > 0909 Geomatic Engineering > 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8204 Summer Grains and Oilseeds > 820402 Rice
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2008.2007963

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