Child labour in Bangladesh: determinants and effects

Khanam, Rasheda (2004) Child labour in Bangladesh: determinants and effects. In: 33rd Australian Conference of Economists (ACE 2004), 27-30 Sep 2004, Sydney, Australia.

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This paper uses data from Bangladesh to examine the determinants of child labour and schooling. The theoretical framework adopted in this paper is a standard household production model that analyses the joint allocation of time within the household. Using Multinomial logit model, we then jointly estimate the determinants of schooling and working, combining schooling and work, or doing nothing for 5-17 year old children. Multinomial logit results show that the education of parents significantly increases the probability that a school-age child will specialise in study. Empirical results further show that if the father is employed in a vulnerable occupation, for example, day-labour or wage-labour, it raises the probability that a child will work full time or combine work and study. The presence of very young children (ages 0-4) in the household increases the likelihood that a school-age child will combine study with work. The significant and positive gender coefficient suggests that girls are more likely than boys to combine schooling with work. The children who are sons and daughters of the household-head, as opposed to being relatives living in the household are more likely to specialise in schooling or combine schooling with work.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - Department of Economics and Resource Management
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 02:59
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 02:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: child labour; school attendance; multinomial logit model; Bangladesh
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140211 Labour Economics
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130308 Gender, Sexuality and Education
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9102 Microeconomics > 910202 Human Capital Issues

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