Impact of child labour on school attendance and school attainment: evidence from Bangladesh

Khanam, Rasheda (2005) Impact of child labour on school attendance and school attainment: evidence from Bangladesh. In: Population Association of America Annual Meeting (PAA 2005), 31 Mar-2 Apr 2005, Philadelphia, PA. United States.

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This paper uses data from Bangladesh to examine household decisions involving child schooling and child labour. Using Multinomial logit model, we first estimate the determinants of household's decision to put a child in one of the four states - 'schooling''working', 'combining schooling and work', or doing nothing for 5-17 year old children. The paper then looks at the impact of work on child's current school attendance and school attainment using logit model. Multinomial logit results show that the education of parents significantly increases the probability that a school-age child will specialise in study. Empirical results further show that if the father is employed in a vulnerable occupation, for example, day-labour or wage-labour, it raises the probability that a child will work full time or combine work and study. The presence of very young children (ages 0-4) in the household increases the likelihood that a school-age (5-17) child will combine study with work. The significant and positive gender coefficient suggests that girls are more likely than boys to combine schooling with work. However, the central message from this study is that child labour adversely affects the child's schooling, which is reflected in lower school attendance and lower grade attainment. School attendance suffers most compared to grade attainment. The gender-disaggregated estimates confirm that work has much devastating effect on current school attendance and grade attainment of girls than that of boys.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions on web site.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business - Department of Economics and Resource Management
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 04:50
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 04:50
Uncontrolled Keywords: child labour; school attendance; school attainment; Bangladesh
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140211 Labour Economics
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130308 Gender, Sexuality and Education
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939903 Equity and Access to Education

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