Evaluating tractor performance and exhaust gas emissions using biodiesel from cotton seed oil

Al-lwayzy, Saddam H. and Yusaf, Talal and Jensen, Troy (2012) Evaluating tractor performance and exhaust gas emissions using biodiesel from cotton seed oil. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 36 (1). pp. 442-452. ISSN 17578981

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Alternative fuels for diesel engines, such as biodiesel, have attracted much attention recently due to increasing fuel prices and the imperative to reduce emissions. The exhaust gas emissions from tractors and other agricultural machinery make a significant contribution to these emissions. The use of biodiesel in internal combustion engines (ICE) has been reported to give comparable performance to conventional diesel (CD), but with generally lower emissions. There is however, contradictory evidence of NO emissions being both higher and lower from the use of biodiesel. In this work, agriculture tractor engine performance and its emission using both CD and biodiesel from cotton seed oil (CSO-B20) mixed at a 20% blend ration has been evaluated and compared. The PTO test results showed comparable exhaust emissions between CD and CSO-B20. However, the use of CSO-B20 led to reductions in the thermal efficiency and exhaust temperature and an increase in the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), when compared to CD.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Originally presented at ICMER 2011: 1st International Conference of Mechanical Engineering Research , 5-7 Dec 2011, Kuantan, Malaysia. Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher (Institute of Physics) For details see http://authors.iop.org/atom/help.nsf/0/F20EC7D4A1A670AA80256F1C0053EEFF?OpenDocument
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2012 06:08
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2015 03:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: diesel; biodiesel; cotton seed oil; tractor; PTO; performance; emissions
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091305 Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070107 Farming Systems Research
09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090201 Automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/36/1/012042
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/20261

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