Using invariant translation to denoise electroencephalogram signals

Walters-Williams, Janett and Li, Yan ORCID: (2011) Using invariant translation to denoise electroencephalogram signals. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8 (11). pp. 1122-1130. ISSN 1546-9239

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Problem statement: Because of the distance between the skull and the brain and their different resistivity's, Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings on a machine is usually mixed with the activities generated within the area called noise. EEG signals have been used to diagnose major brain diseases such as Epilepsy, narcolepsy and dementia. The presence of these noises however can result in misdiagnosis, as such it is necessary to remove them before further analysis and processing can be done. Denoising is often done with Independent Component Analysis algorithms but of late Wavelet Transform has been utilized.
Approach: In this study we utilized one of the newer Wavelet
Transform methods, Translation-Invariant, to deny EEG signals. Different EEG signals were used to verify the method using the MATLAB software. Results were then compared with those of renowned ICA algorithms Fast ICA and Radical and evaluated using the performance measures
Mean Square Error (MSE), Percentage Root Mean Square Difference (PRD) and Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR).
Results: Experiments revealed that Translation-Invariant Wavelet Transform had the smallest MSE and PRD while having the largest SNR.
Conclusion/Recommendations: This indicated that it performed superior to the ICA algorithms producing cleaner EEG signals which can influence diagnosis as well as clinical studies of the brain.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2011 Science Publications. This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source. Deposited with blanket permission of publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Maths and Computing (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Maths and Computing (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2011 11:51
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2015 01:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: translation invariant wavelet transform; independent component analysis; electroencephalogram; mean square error (MSE); second order statistics (SOS); signal to noise ratio (SNR); discrete wavelet transform (DWT)
Fields of Research (2008): 01 Mathematical Sciences > 0103 Numerical and Computational Mathematics > 010301 Numerical Analysis
09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090609 Signal Processing
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110320 Radiology and Organ Imaging
Fields of Research (2020): 49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4903 Numerical and computational mathematics > 490302 Numerical analysis
40 ENGINEERING > 4006 Communications engineering > 400607 Signal processing
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320222 Radiology and organ imaging
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
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