Rock of ages: South Molle Island quarry, Whitsunday Islands: use and distribution of stone through space and time

Lamb, Lara (2011) Rock of ages: South Molle Island quarry, Whitsunday Islands: use and distribution of stone through space and time. BAR International . Archaeopress, Oxford, England. ISBN 978-1-4073-0833-3


There is evidence to suggest that the South Molle Island stone quarry in the Whitsunday Islands, central Queensland coast, has been used by the indigenous inhabitants of the region from at least 9,000 BP to the present. Distribution of stone from the quarry extends for at least 170km along the coast, from Abbott Point in the north to the Repulse Islands in the south. A comprehensive technological characterisation of the quarry has demonstrated that a range of manufacturing behaviours was conducted on-site, from the initial extraction of the raw material, through to the final stages of artefact retouch. The systematic production of backed artefacts is included among this suite of technological practices. This research has demonstrated that the antiquity of backed artefacts and the timing of high production rates of backed artefacts occurs earlier in the Whitsunday region than elsewhere in southern Australia. In the Whitsunday Islands backed artefact production has been shown to be present from the beginning of the Holocene and to have been an important technological element in the early Holocene. Another understanding of backing technologies in Australia can be developed in light of this recognition of regional variation.

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Item Type: Book (Commonwealth Reporting Category A)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. Archaeopress and L. Lamb 2011.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Arts - School of Humanities and Communication
Date Deposited: 04 May 2012 05:28
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 06:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quarry; backed artefact; artifact; stone tools; Holocene; Whitsundays; marine specialisaiton
Fields of Research : 21 History and Archaeology > 2101 Archaeology > 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australia's Past

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