Twentieth century bipolar seesaw of the Arctic and Antarctic surface air temperatures

Chylek, Petr and Folland, Chris K. and Lesins, Glen and Dubey, Manvendra K. (2010) Twentieth century bipolar seesaw of the Arctic and Antarctic surface air temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (8 (L08)). ISSN 0094-8276


Understanding the phase relationship between climate changes in the Arctic and Antarctic regions is essential for our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth's climate system. In this paper we show that the 20th century detrended Arctic and Antarctic temperatures vary in anti-phase seesaw pattern - when the Arctic warms the Antarctica cools and visa versa. This is the first time that a bi-polar seesaw pattern has been identified in the 20th century Arctic and Antarctic temperature records. The Arctic (Antarctic) detrended temperatures are highly correlated (anti-correlated) with the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) index suggesting the Atlantic Ocean as a possible link between the climate variability of the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Recent accelerated warming of the Arctic results from a positive reinforcement of the linear warming trend (due to an increasing concentration of greenhouse gases and other possible forcings) by the warming phase of the multidecadal climate variability (due to fluctuations of the Atlantic Ocean circulation).

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Article number L08703. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2011 08:04
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 04:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antarctic regions; Antarctica; Atlantic Ocean; bipolar seesaw; climate variability; concentration of; Earth's climate; forcings; highly-correlated; phase relationships; surface air temperatures; twentieth century
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040104 Climate Change Processes
04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040699 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960304 Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042793

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