Living with floods: an evaluation of the resettlement program of the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

Danh, Thanh Vo and Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2011) Living with floods: an evaluation of the resettlement program of the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. In: Environmental change and agricultural sustainability in the Mekong Delta. Advances in Global Change Research (45). Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 181-204. ISBN 978-94-007-0933-1

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The Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD) is a region increasingly affected by flooding. In 1996, the Vietnamese government launched an ambitious Living With the Flood (LWF) program. The objective of the program was to build dwelling houses for residents relocated from the VMD’s flood areas. The program has built more than 1,000 resettlement clusters (RCs) for the 200,000 households and 1 million people previously living in the now permanently flooded areas. Total investment capital has been about US $200 million. While the LWF policy is accepted and popular within the VMD, there are many reasons that make the resettlement program both successful and unsuccessful. Identifying the factors influencing the effectiveness of the program will help local authorities to develop appropriate measures to improve the resettlement program. The rationale of this study was to review and conduct a qualitative analysis of the effectiveness of the resettlement program.
The policy recommendation drawn from the study is that to effectively cope with yearly floods in the long run, people need to adjust their habits and their social and economic activities, towards living with floods and gaining benefit from them, rather than preventing them. At the national level, economic development strategies and planning in the VMD need to be consistent with the LWF policy. At the local level, authorities need to persuade and assist people to better adapt to flooding.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Chapter 11. Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher (Springer).
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2011 01:53
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 04:24
Uncontrolled Keywords: floods; living with flood policy; resettlement cluster; resettlement path; resettlement program; Vietnam
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960311 Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0934-8_11

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