Unofficial international conflict resolution: is there a track one and a half? Are there best practices?

Nan, Susan Allen and Druckman, Daniel and Horr, Jana El (2009) Unofficial international conflict resolution: is there a track one and a half? Are there best practices? Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 27 (1). pp. 65-82. ISSN 1536-5581


Analysis of twenty-four cases of unofficial international conflict resolution initiatives, done according to similarities across seven variables, shows that the practice of 'Track 1½' diplomacy is distinct from Track 2 diplomacy. Furthermore, these initiatives are distinguished by their focus on process or diverse goals. Multidimensional scaling organized the cases into four groupings of similar initiatives: Track 1½ process-focused, Track 1½ diversified, Track 2 process-focused, and Track 2 diversified. The variety of approaches used in these twenty-four cases of high-quality international conflict resolution initiatives suggests best practices. These practices should be considered sensitive to context rather than a standard set of procedures used regardless of conflict environment.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. First published online : 5 Oct 2009. Dr Daniel Druckman holds the position of Distinguished Scholar, Office of Research, Public Memory Research Centre Toowoomba Campus, USQ E-mail :
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2011 09:27
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2013 23:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: negotiation; international conflict; diplomacy; conflict resolution
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170202 Decision Making
18 Law and Legal Studies > 1801 Law > 180116 International Law (excl. International Trade Law)
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200105 Organisational, Interpersonal and Intercultural Communication
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology > 520402 Decision making
48 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 4899 Other law and legal studies > 489999 Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4701 Communication and media studies > 470108 Organisational, interpersonal and intercultural communication
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture
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