Conservation and education benefits of interpretation on marine wildlife tours

Zeppel, Heather and Muloin, Sue (2009) Conservation and education benefits of interpretation on marine wildlife tours. Tourism in Marine Environments, 5 (2-3). pp. 215-227. ISSN 1544-273X

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Marine wildlife tourism can provide a range of education and conservation benefits for visitors. These benefits derive from close personal encounters with marine wildlife and visitor learning about marine species and ocean environments. There has been limited assessment of marine wildlife tourism experiences and educational programs to identify whether these increase tourists' knowledge, promoting attitudinal shifts and also lifestyle changes that aid marine conservation and help to conserve marine wildlife. Similarly, there has been little evaluation of on-site and longer term conservation intentions, or behaviors, of visitors that benefit marine wildlife and environments. This article reviews the education and conservation benefits of marine wildlife experiences in Australia using Orams' framework of indicators to manage marine tourism. The key indicator for tourists assessed in this article is behavior/lifestyle change that benefits marine species, along with three indicators of conservation outcomes for marine environments. Information is drawn from selected case studies of research on guided tourist encounters with whales, dolphins, and marine turtles from 1996 to 2007, mainly in Australia. This analysis found tourist learning during mediated encounters with marine wildlife contributes to proenvironmental attitudes and improved on-site behavior changes, with some longer term intentions to engage in conservation actions that benefit marine species.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with copyright conditions of publisher (Cognizant).
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business - No Department (Up to 31 Dec 2010)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business - No Department (Up to 31 Dec 2010)
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2011 04:57
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2015 23:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: conservation actions; education benefits; environmental behavior; interpretation; marine wildlife
Fields of Research (2008): 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1506 Tourism > 150606 Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050203 Environmental Education and Extension
16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160402 Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Geography
Fields of Research (2020): 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3508 Tourism > 350806 Tourist behaviour and visitor experience
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410403 Environmental education and extension
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440608 Recreation, leisure and tourism geography
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960703 Environmental Education and Awareness
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