HIV/AIDS prevalence and incidence: evidence from four industries of the KwaZulu-Natal economy

Matthews, Alan and Gow, Jeff and George, Gavin (2011) HIV/AIDS prevalence and incidence: evidence from four industries of the KwaZulu-Natal economy. Southern African Journal of Demography, 12 (1). pp. 63-108. ISSN 1682-4482


This study focuses on the changing income demographics of
South Africa during the period 1996–2006, to arrive at an
understanding of the nature and magnitude of changes in income demographics, specifically changes in income distribution disaggregated by sex, age and population group. To investigate such changes, available survey-based income data covering the said period was analysed. The results show that females experienced high levels of income growth during the period under discussion, which was brought about by an improved labour market situation for
females due to changing policies and practices. The results also show a growing number of low income earners aged 35 years and older, brought about by a combination of capital intensification of the economy and low labour absorption rates. The percentage contribution of Africans to the highest income groups grew rapidly during 1996–2006 due to various reasons, e.g. higher skills levels and more economic opportunities for this population group. Finally,
certain conclusions were arrived at based on the data analysis, namely there is (1) growing income depolarisation and repolarisation in South Africa, (2) increasing complexification of income demographics, (3) increasing feminisation of the income landscape and (4) growing affluence among income earners.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 18459
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. Population Association of Southern Africa. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business and Law - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2011 05:12
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2015 05:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: income demographics; income; market dynamics; labour market; income distribution
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1499 Other Economics > 149999 Economics not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920207 Health Policy Economic Outcomes

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only