Issues in processing unstable twisted fibre assemblies

Tran, Canh-Dung ORCID: and van der Heijden, G. H. M. and Phillips, David G. (2006) Issues in processing unstable twisted fibre assemblies. In: 4th International Industrial Simulation Conference (ISC 2006), 5-7 Jun 2006, Palermo, Italy.

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During yarn formation by ring spinning, fibres are bent into approximately helical shapes and an unbalanced torque or twist-liveliness is created. Generally, the torque depends on yarn geometric factors such as the yarn twist and linear density and the fibre properties. In order to prevent the instability of yarn (e.g., snarling), twist-liveliness must be controlled. A practical solution to the problem of twist-liveliness is the formation of a two-fold yarn. This twisting or plying process produces a yarn structure where the energy of the system is determined by purely geometrical constraints of the plied structure and consequently when an energy minimum is reached the plied yarn obtained from the process is torsionally balanced and torque-free.

In the present paper, the instability of twisted textile yarns will be interpreted using the Topological Conservation Law (Fuller, 1971) which has been developed to study the dynamics of twisted rods by Van der Heijden et al. (2003). The present work considers the equilibrium configuration of a series of multi-ply twisted yarns (2, 4, 8, and 16 strands) of finite length. The influence of structural properties (the number of strands, the diameter and twist of each strand) on the parameters of a balanced multi-ply yarn (writhe and twist) using a topological invariant of the twisted yarn (link) is established and investigated using experimental results obtained at CSIRO.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2011 04:26
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: topological conservation law; writhe; twist; link; multi-ply; balance twisted yarn; instability
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
01 Mathematical Sciences > 0102 Applied Mathematics > 010204 Dynamical Systems in Applications
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4014 Manufacturing engineering > 401413 Textile technology
49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4901 Applied mathematics > 490105 Dynamical systems in applications
40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401706 Numerical modelling and mechanical characterisation
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8604 Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles > 860406 Synthetic Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics

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