Improving mental health status and coping abilities for long-term unemployed youth using cognitive-behaviour therapy based training interventions

Creed, Peter A. and Machin, Michael Anthony and Hicks, Richard E. (1999) Improving mental health status and coping abilities for long-term unemployed youth using cognitive-behaviour therapy based training interventions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20 (6). pp. 963-978. ISSN 0894-3796


This paper reports on immediate and long-term well-being outcomes for a group of long-term unemployed youth who attended specially devised training courses based on the cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) model. The courses were aimed specifically at improving the mental health of participants, and providing them with coping skills to deal better with the negative consequences of prolonged unemployment. Results for participants were compared with a waiting-list, control group. Outcomes investigated were well-being (psychological distress, self-esteem, positive and negative affect), and coping behaviours (social support, self care, recreation, and cognitive coping strategies). Behavioural plasticity effects were also examined by comparing outcomes for participants who had higher distress scores prior to the course with participants who reported lower scores at that time. Immediate benefits were identified for both mental health and coping behaviours, and many of these benefits persisted into the long term. Participants with higher levels of pre-course psychological distress improved more than their low distressed counterparts, supporting the behavioural plasticity hypothesis.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2007 11:47
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2014 05:01
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170299 Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199911)20:6<963::AID-JOB916>3.0.CO;2-D

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