Simultaneous comparison of the personal UV exposure of two human groups at different altitudes

Kimlin, M. G. and Wong, J. C. F. and Parisi, A. V. (1998) Simultaneous comparison of the personal UV exposure of two human groups at different altitudes. Health Physics: the radiation safety journal, 74 (4). pp. 429-434. ISSN 0017-9078

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Abstract

A simultaneous comparison of human exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation at two locations was performed to study the effect of environmental factors and human attitudes on personal ultraviolet exposure. The study took place on 29 October 1996 in Toowoomba (27.5°S, 151.9°E) and Brisbane (27.4°S, 153.1°E), Queensland, Australia. From the data collected by calibrated ambient ultraviolet monitoring stations located in Toowoomba and Brisbane, Toowoomba received 68% more UVA (320-400 nm) and 61% more UVB (280- 320 nm) than Brisbane from 07:00 to 10:00 Australian Eastern Standard Time (EST). From 10:00 to 17:00 EST Toowoomba received 5% more UVA and 20% less UVB than Brisbane. High ambient ultraviolet levels recorded by ultraviolet stations were reinforced by measurement of the personal ultraviolet of human subjects wearing polysulfone dosimeters. Contrary to the common belief that the ultraviolet exposure to the human body is higher near the beach (i.e., coastal areas) than the inland area, the average erythemal weighted ultraviolet exposure on the chest and shoulder of each subject in the inland city of Toowoomba (127 km to the west of Brisbane) was 30% higher than in the coastal city of Brisbane from 07:00 to 17:00 EST. Evidence is also presented to suggest a relationship between altitude, climatic conditions, the human attitude, and the level of personal exposure to ultraviolet radiation.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: (C)1998 Health Physics Society. Published version made not accessible.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2007 11:47
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2013 00:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: dose; population; dosimetry; non-ionizing; radiation; ultra violet radiation
Fields of Research : 10 Technology > 1004 Medical Biotechnology > 100402 Medical Biotechnology Diagnostics (incl. Biosensors)
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029901 Biological Physics
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/13641

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