Using the carbon management index to indicate ecosystem function in brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) agro-ecosystems of South East Queensland, Australia

Collard, Stuart J. (2006) Using the carbon management index to indicate ecosystem function in brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) agro-ecosystems of South East Queensland, Australia. In: ECOSOC/ESA 2006: Ecology Across the Tasman, 28 Aug-1 Sep 2006, Wellington, New Zealand.

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Soil organic matter is an effective indicator of soil resource condition that reflects functional traits such as aggregation, infiltration and microbial activity and plays a critical role in sustaining production and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes. Agricultural practices typically reduce soil carbon levels through the action of soil disturbance and consequent mineralisation. In the Brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) landscape we studied, soil carbon levels in pellic vertisols were significantly lower in the agricultural matrix of cropping and grasslands than in remnant Brigalow vegetation. There was no detectable gradient of soil carbon across Brigalow/matrix boundaries. Uncultivated grasslands showed signaificantly higher carbon levels than currently and previously cultivated grasslands, with regenerating grasslands showing no significant recovery of soil carbon over 15 years. The carbon management index (CMI) was used to combine the active and passive components of soil carbon to provide a sensitive indicator of the rate of change of carbon dynamics in response to changes in land management at local-scales. A landscape CMI (CMIL) was developed, by aggregating soil carbon data using GIS-derived spatial data. the landscape CMI is proposed as a potentially useful tool for modelling soil carbon dynamics and ecosystem function in agro-ecosystems at a range of spatial scales.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Conference publication consists of only the abstracts of papers presented at the conference. Abstract only posted here. No evidence of copyright restrictions on web site.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:38
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon management index; ecosystem function; brigalow; acacia harpophylla; agro-ecosystems; South East Queensland
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology
05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050102 Ecosystem Function
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960811 Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity

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