Individual differences and self-efficacy in the unemployed

Albion, M. J. and Fernie, K. M. and Burton, L. J. (2003) Individual differences and self-efficacy in the unemployed. In: 5th Australian Industrial and Organisational Psychology Conference 2003: Advancing Creative Solutions in Science and Practice, 26-29 Jun 2003, Melbourne, Australia.


Th is study investigated individual differences and self- efficacy in a sample of unemployed people (55 males, 49 females) who were engaged in Job Search Training (JST) courses in Queensland, Australia. Participants completed the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), which provided separate measures of Extroversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Intellect; the General Self-Efficacy (GSE) Scale; the Proactive Attitude (PA) Scale; and the Proactive Coping (PC) Scale. Conscientiousness and Emotional Stability were found to be significant predictors of GSE, PA, and PC, while Intellect significantly predicted GSE and PC, but not PA, and Extroversion significantly predicted PC. Investigation of age related effects indicated that age significantly moderated the PA/GSE relationship, with a much stronger relationship between PA and GSE for older participants than for younger ones. Further exploration of this moderating relationship revealed that the underlying process through which age had this impact was explained by the mediating effect of PC. PA and PC together successfully predicted 50% of GSE. It was suggested that to maximise training outcomes, training intervention program content should be specifically designed to cater for individual differences, and should focus on cognitive behavioural training that optimises self- efficacy and coping strategies. Further research into the moderating and mediating effects linked with age, financial strain, and proactive coping may highlight other specific areas that could be targeted.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This was also published as a journal article ePrint #2915 in 2005.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2007 11:55
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 06:16
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment
22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2203 Philosophy > 220311 Philosophical Psychology (incl. Moral Psychology and Philosophy of Action)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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