The influence of psychological factors on pre-employment activities in the unemployed

Hoare, P. N. and Machin, M. A. (2003) The influence of psychological factors on pre-employment activities in the unemployed. In: 5th Australian Industrial and Organisational Psychology Conference 2003: Advancing Creative Solutions in Science and Practice, 26-29 Jun 2003, Melbourne, Australia.

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Structural relationships among latent and economic deprivation, employment commitment, personal resources, and pre-employment activities are examined using a cross- sectional survey of the unemployed. The dependent variable, pre-employment activities, constitutes some of the main activities (other than their daily chores) that the unemployed engage in, including job-seeking, training, volunteer or unpaid work, and leisure activities. The research draws on concepts from Jahoda's latent deprivation theory, Fryer's agency restriction theory, and expectancy value theory. Latent and economic deprivation, employment commitment, and personal resources are expected to directly predict the type of pre-employment activities the unemployed engage in. Latent deprivation is an endogenous construct underlying measures of time structure measured by time structure, enforced activity, social contact, collective purpose, and social status. Measures of personal resources include job-search self-efficacy, self-esteem, affective disposition, and psychological wellbeing. Significant interactions between the predictor variables are also hypothesised. For example, unemployed individuals with higher perceived latent and economic deprivation and higher employment commitment are expected to engage more frequently in employment-related activities (e.g., jobseeking, training, and unpaid work participation). Supplementary hypotheses are framed to test the relative importance of each of the predictor variables. Hypotheses are tested using structural equation modelling. This study is the first stage of a longitudinal study designed to identify psychological factors that influence employment outcomes in the unemployed. Findings from the study will identify psychological barriers to active economic and social participation in the workforce that can be targeted for intervention programs for the unemployed.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Abstract published.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2007 11:55
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 06:24
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified

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