An estimation of biological hazards due to solar radiation

Parisi, A. V. and Wong, J. C. F. (2000) An estimation of biological hazards due to solar radiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 54 (2-3). pp. 126-130. ISSN 1011-1344

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A spectrum evaluator based on four different dosimeter materials was employed to estimate the spectral irradiances of exposure to solar radiation. The result was used to calculate the biologically effective irradiance using the erythemal action spectrum and a fish melanoma action spectrum. Measurements were made in winter at a sub-tropical site on the chest and shoulder of subjects during normal daily activities.

Up to 95% of the total UV exposure received was in the UVA waveband (320-400 nm). The UVA waveband was found to contribute approximately 14% of the erythemal UV and 93% of the biologically effective UV for fish melanoma. Extrapolation to humans suggests that the exposure to the UVA band will contribute to photodamage in human skin during an exposure to solar radiation.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:35
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2013 02:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: UV; dosimeters; erythema; solar radiation; biologically effective UV
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029904 Synchrotrons; Accelerators; Instruments and Techniques
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920117 Skin and Related Disorders
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/S1011-1344(00)00006-3

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