Spectral UV in public shade settings

Turnbull, David J. and Parisi, Alfio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8430-8907 (2003) Spectral UV in public shade settings. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 69 (1). pp. 13-19. ISSN 1011-1344


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[Abstract]: The protective nature of specific shade environments was investigated by measuring the spectral UV in the shade for the three planes (horizontal, 45o and vertical) and comparing this to that on a horizontal plane in full sun. Spectral UV irradiance measurements were made under clear sky conditions at a sub-tropical Southern Hemisphere site. The solar UV in the shade of a shade umbrella, covered verandah, covered sand pit and covered walkway were measured for an increasing solar zenith angle, between March and August, for the times of 11:30 am 12:30 pm and 2:30 pm 3:30 pm. The UPFs provided ranged from 1.4 to 10. This research shows that there is sufficient UV in the shade to cause erythema on the human body in a short period of time. For the shade umbrella placed on dry grass the time able to be spent in the shade in the middle of the day before experiencing mild erythema increased from 35 to 60 minutes as the solar zenith angle increased from 33o to 52o. Erythemal UV levels in the shade of a northern facing covered verandah, with trees in close proximity, were approximately up to five times less than the erythemal UV beneath the shade umbrella that had no surrounding trees. Shade structures must be given careful consideration when construction occurs. Even though the UV transmission through the materials may be very low, it is the construction of the entire shade setting that determines the exposure beneath the shade structure.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Desposited according to Publisher's requirements.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:35
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2021 04:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: diffuse, UV, shade structures, erythema
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029904 Synchrotrons; Accelerators; Instruments and Techniques
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5199 Other physical sciences > 519999 Other physical sciences not elsewhere classified
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3701 Atmospheric sciences > 370106 Atmospheric radiation
51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5110 Synchrotrons and accelerators > 511099 Synchrotrons and accelerators not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1011-1344(02)00387-1
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/1094

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