Congruence as a predictor of occupational stress

Sutherland, Lynette F. and Fogarty, Gerard J. and Pithers, Robert T. (1995) Congruence as a predictor of occupational stress. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 46 (3). pp. 292-309. ISSN 0001-8791


Download (62Kb)


[Abstract]: This study examined the relation among nine measures of Holland's concept of
congruence and the relation of these measures and occupational stress. Holland's
Self-Directed Search (Holland, 1985b) and the Occupational Stress Inventory
(Osipow & Spokane, 1987) were administered to 154 fully-employed adults. Two
correlated factors accounted for the pattern of correlations among the congruence
measures. The first factor was defined by measures which made use of the hexagonal
arrangement of types and the second was based simply on discrepancies between the
letters representing the person's type and the job environment. A number of markers
for the second factor were related to stress and strain. Iachan's M index (Iachan,
1984;1990) was the best predictor, accounting for seven percent of variance on total
stress scores and nine percent of variance on total strain scores. It is suggested that the
relation between congruence and stress, like the relation between congruence and job
satisfaction (Spokane, 1985), is significant but rather small and dependent on the
measure of congruence used.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 943
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Publisher: Elsevier
Item Status: Live Archive
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:32
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: congruence, predictor, predict, predicting, prediction, occupational stress, strain
Fields of Research (FoR): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only