Fogarty, Gerard J. and Machin, M. Anthony and Albion, Majella J. and Sutherland, Lynette F. and Lalor, Gabrielle I. and Revitt, Susan (1999) Predicting occupational strain and job satisfaction: the role of stress, coping, personality, and affectivity variables. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54 (3). pp. 429-452. ISSN 0001-8791
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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00018791
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1006/jvbe.1998.1670
Four studies employed path analysis to examine how measures of occupational stressors, coping resources, and negative affectivity (NA) and positive affectivity (PA) interact to predict occupational strain. The Occupational Stress Inventory (Osipow & Spokane, 1987) was used to measure stress, strain, and coping. The Positive and Negative Affectivity Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) was used for the affectivity variables. The hypothesised model showed NA and PA as background dispositional variables that influenced relations among stress, strain, and coping while still allowing stress and coping to have a direct influence on strain. Goodness of fit indices were acceptable with the model predicting 15 per cent of the variance in stress, 24 per cent of coping, and 70 per cent of strain. Study 2 replicated these findings. Study 3 added a positive outcome variable, job satisfaction (JSI: Brayfield & Rothe, 1951) to the model. The expanded model again fit the data well. A fourth study added a global measure of personality (NEO-FFI: Costa & McCrae, 1991) to the model tested in Study 3. Results indicated that personality measures did not add anything to the prediction of job satisfaction and strain in a model that already included measures of stressors, coping resources, NA and PA. The series of four studies yielded a reliable structural model that highlights the influence of organizational and dispositional variables on occupational strain and job satisfaction.
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