Human insecurity in the People's Republic of China: the vulnerability of Chinese women to HIV/AIDS

Hayes, Anna Marie (2012) Human insecurity in the People's Republic of China: the vulnerability of Chinese women to HIV/AIDS. In: Human security: securing East Asia's future. Springer, London and New York, pp. 39-58. ISBN 978-94-007-1798-5

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HIV/AIDS has become one of the world’s leading causes of human insecurity for both men and women. In addition to physiological factors, women’s vulner-ability to HIV transmission is primarily fuelled by gender inequality and gender-based discrimination and violence. Therefore, women’s vulnerability to HIV transmission is closely linked to issues of empowerment and gender-based power relations. Even with this realization however, women are still sometimes over-looked in many HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment campaigns, such as those in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and responses to HIV/AIDS do not always actively seek to empower women. Therefore, a deficiency in women’s human se-curity increases their HIV/AIDS vulnerability. This chapter examines the inter-section of gender inequality and HIV vulnerability as it applies to women in the PRC. The unequal status of many women in China, and the privileged position accorded to Chinese men, strongly indicates that Chinese women face a heightened vulnerability to HIV transmission. While many of these vulnerabilities are similar to women elsewhere in the world and certainly are not unique to China, by overlooking the many social, cultural, economic and political factors that contribute to HIV/AIDS vulnerability and transmission of the virus, particularly those faced by women, China has a long way to go before Chinese women are protected from HIV transmission. Given that HIV/AIDS heightens human insecurity, the stage is set for Chinese women (and men) to face an insecure future if the Chinese government does not fully implement international best practice, meaning a gendered response, into its overall HIV/AIDS response.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Publisher: Springer
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information (displayed to public): Chapter 2. Accepted Version deposited in accordance with copyright policy of publisher (Springer). Print copy ordered for the USQ Library 11/5/2012.
Depositing User: Dr Anna Hayes
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Arts - School of Humanities and Communication
Date Deposited: 11 May 2012 05:10
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2014 23:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: human security, HIV/AIDS, China, women, gender inequality
Fields of Research (FoR): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160607 International Relations
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9402 Government and Politics > 940299 Government and Politics not elsewhere classified
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9403 International Relations > 940399 International Relations not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1799-2

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