Examining some discursive resources used in qualitative research interviews

Christensen, Steven A. (2010) Examining some discursive resources used in qualitative research interviews. In: 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, 11-16 July 2010, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

The general aim of this research was to describe some of the discursive practices for managing qualitative research interviews. The specific aim was to examine some regularities in the sequential organisation of a qualitative research interview that the participants use to make this talk orderly, meaningful, and accountable. A conversation analysis (cf., Sacks, 1992) of 266 lines of transcribed talk from New Zealand Interview 2 (van den Berg, Wetherell, & Houtkoop-Steenstra, 2003) on racism and race relations in New Zealand during the 1980’s was completed. The cumulative findings of four empirical studies of question formats, response tokens, simultaneous talk, and so-prefaced utterances conducted by Australian psychology honours students will be presented. Participants organise their co-presence in New Zealand Interview 2 using the normative rules for turntaking, repair, and adjacency pairs. Thus self and other are the basic parties to the conversation; the turn construction unit is the basic metric; and projected completion points are the local basis for speaker-change. Research interviewing is motile, locally involved, and so requires close cooperation between the participants. The interviewer and the respondent use social rules derived from ordinary, everyday conversations to manage questioning, answering, and other practical actions accomplished in the qualitative research interview. Thus, fine-grained analysis of actual talk shows that interviews are socially organised and culturally informed. This finding conflicts with conventional, neo-positive assumptions of a neutral interviewer and a passive respondent who is a vessel of answers that is common in social psychology.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Poster presentation - only abstracts published in conference proceedings, as supplied here.
Depositing User: Mrs Melissa Jarick
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2010 10:28
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: discursive resources, research interviews, conversation analysis, interviewer, respondent
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/8632

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