Quantification of physiological arousal during familiar arousing music, unfamiliar arousing music, and unfamiliar relaxing music during imagery in elite shooters

Kuan, G. and Morris, Tony and Terry, Peter C. (2010) Quantification of physiological arousal during familiar arousing music, unfamiliar arousing music, and unfamiliar relaxing music during imagery in elite shooters. In: 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, 11-16 July 2010, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

In the current study, we aimed to determine whether arousing music produces higher levels of physiological arousal than relaxing music during sport imagery. This was a precursor to examining the impact on performance of imagery accompanied by music. We examined whether unfamiliar music increased or decreased arousal level during familiar sport imagery. We chose unfamiliar music to minimize confounding effects of past associations. We added familiar arousing music for comparison. 10 elite shooters (7 males, 3 females) performed shooting imagery while we played relaxing music, unfamiliar arousing music, and familiar arousing music. Using a ProComp+ system and BioGraph Software version 5.0 from Thought TechnologiesTM, we monitored blood volume pulse-amplitude (BVPAmp), heart rate (HR), galvanic skin response (GSR), and peripheral temperature (PT), for consistent patterns of physiological arousal during each type of music, while participants did sport imagery. All participants listened to nine classical music excerpts, chosen by the researchers, before their normal training schedule. Three excerpts were played in each of three training sessions. Resting levels of physiological measures were recorded first. Between music excerpts, participants rested until those levels were reached again. Analysis of variance revealed significant changes on GSR, F2,162=15.35, p<.05, eta2=.16, BVPAmp, F2,162=10.83, p<.05, eta2=.12, and HR, F2,162=24.33, p<.05, eta2=.23, for different categories of music. There was a significant interaction effect for PT and different categories of music, F16,162=1.87, p<.05, eta2=.16. Unfamiliar arousing music created higher arousal levels than familiar arousing music. Relaxing music showed lower levels of arousal compared to other pieces of music. GSR, PT, and HR showed consistent patterns of interpretation for arousal level of music during imagery. BVPAmp showed more variable results, which might be due to the highly sensitive measurement of BVP, which could be easily influenced by small amounts of noise. In conclusion, some music may produce greater arousal or relaxation than others. Thus, careful selection of music to be used during imagery rehearsal is important to manipulate arousal level for examining the effect of arousal/relaxation on imagery.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Only abstracts published in conference proceedings, as supplied here.
Depositing User: Mrs Melissa Jarick
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2010 02:17
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2014 01:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: physiological arousal, familiar arousing music, unfamiliar arousing music, unfamiliar relaxing music, sport imagery
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/8602

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